Meroe - Capital of Meroitic Empire
Northern Pyramids
Northern Pyramids
Amun Temple in Town
Amun Temple in Town
The site comprises a urban centre by the Nile, a sun temple in the plain, two main areas of pyramid tombs. The eastern of which is divided into two areas (Northern and Southern Group). The entire intervening region is covered in cemeteries from the Meroitic to modern period. Meroe was the capital of the Kushite Empire from 3rd Century BC to the 4th Century AD. The pyramids are the burial places of kings of Kush starting with King Arakamaniqo (c.285-247 BC). Although traces of occupation of the area date to the reign of Piye in the Napatan period, and possibly the 12th Century BC. Lesser officials were buried from the 7th Century BC and so the city itself may have been founded this early. Its later history included a post meroitic period, as the cemeteries around the city continued in use through the 6th century and final a church was built to the north of the city, and early Christian burials were found near Jebel Ardeb.